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Amavasya~अमावस्या

Amavasya is the Indian name for a New moon. The word Amavasya is common to many Indian languages especially Sanskrit, Hindi, Malayalam, Assamese, Kannada, Bengali, Konkani, Marathi,Oriya, Telugu, and Gujarati. In Tamil, though amavasya is commonly used in religious spheres, the pure Tamil scholars prefer the term "puthuppiRai"

There is a natural upsurge of energies in the human body on these days. As a result, in the tradition, Amavasya (New Moon) and Pournami (Full Moon) days are held as special days for the spiritual seeker. Any sadhana performed on these days has a greater impact on the system. As the Amavasya vibrations are especially conducive for men and similarly, as the Poornima vibrations are particularly conducive for women.

Every month, the new-moon day is considered auspicious for the worship of forefathers and poojas are made. However, no travel ought to be scheduled the first day of the new moon. Religious people are supposed to not work and concentrate on the rites function on Amavasyas. Even today traditional workers like masons do not work on Amavasyas in India. However they will work on Saturdays and Sundays. Amavasya was traditionally monthly off day. The Amavasya function is usually done in the afternoon at home (hence travel and daily work are postponed). Even High Court judges of 18th century in India used to observe Amavasya as off day. It was the British Rule that brought Sunday off principle to Indian industry.

On Amavasyas Shraadh is done to forefathers by Brahmins whose father has died earlier. Nowadays a short 20 minute version of the ceremony is done—offering black sesame and water as oblation to departed souls. This oblation is offered to father, grand father and great grand father - 3 levels. Then to mother, grandmother and great grandmother—3 levels. Similarly this is done to mother's side of the family also. If one of these persons are still alive, their name is skipped and the corresponding earlier generation person is offered oblation. Then a final oblation is offered to those anonymous souls which diedand have nobody in their lineage offering oblation. These oblations are believed to give birth to good children without mental or physical challenges (so say the prayers in this function).

The dark fortnight of Aswayuja (September–October) is known as the Pitru Paksha (Mahalaya) or the fortnight specially sacred for offering oblations to the departed ancestors. The last day of this period, the new moon day, called mahalaya amavasya, is considered as the most important day in the year for performing obsequies and rites. The manes return to their abode on the evening ofDeepavali. Due to the grace of the Yama, it has been ordained that offerings made during this period benefit all the departed souls, whether they are connected to you or not.

[edit]Shraadh time

In India a full day is from one sunrise to next sunrise. A dinmaan (daytime) is from sunrise to sunset. A raatmaan (nighttime) is from sunset to next sunrise.

Daytime is divided into 5 equal parts as follows (assuming sunrise at 6 a.m. and sunset at 6 p.m.):

  1. Praatha – 06:00 to 08:24
  2. Sanghava – 08:25 to 10:48
  3. Maadhyaanha – 10:49 to 13:12
  4. Aparaanha – 13:13 to 15:36
  5. Saayankaal – 15:37 to 18:00

Shraadh is to be done in Aparaanha kaal. But the 30 food items preparation might start as early as 5:00 a.m. By the time the function finishes it would be 3:00 p.m. It is a tiring 10 hours continuous work for both husband and wife. But nowadays only a short cut 20 minute offering of oblation is done on Amavasya. Due to pressure of time in fast paced lives of cities, this function is done in (wrong time) Praatha kaal.

 

 

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अमावस्या पंचांग के अनुसार माह की ३०वीं और कृष्ण पक्ष की अंतिम तिथि है जिस दिन चंद्रमा आकाश में दिखाई नहीं देता। इस दिन का भारतीय जनजीवन में अत्यधिक महत्व हैं। हर माह की अमावस्या को कोई न कोई पर्व अवश्य मनाया जाता हैं।

 

अमावस्या तिथि प्रत्येक धर्म कार्य के लिए अक्षय फल देने वाली बतायी गयी है. पर पितरों की शान्ति के लिये अमावस्या व्रत पूजन का विशेष महत्व है. जो लोग अपने पितरों की मोक्ष प्राप्ति, सदगति के लिये कुछ करना चाहते है उन्हें प्रत्येक माह की अमावस्या को उपवास रख, पूजन कार्य करना चाहिए. अमावस्या के साथ साथ मन्वादि तिथी, संक्रान्तिकाल व्यतीपात, गजच्दाया, चन्द्रग्रहण तथा सूर्य ग्रहण इन समस्त तिथियों, वारों में पितरो की तृप्ति के कार्य किये जा सकते है.

 

अमावस्या के नाम 
Name of Amavasya

जो अमावस्या सोमवार के दिन आती है. उसे सोमवती अमावस्या कहते है. प्रत्येक मास में एक अमावस्या होती है. इसी प्रकार जब मंगलवार के दिन अमावस्या आयें, तो उसे भौमवती अमावस्या के नाम से जाना जाता है. इसके अतिरिक्त शनिवार के दिन आने वाली अमावस्या, शनैश्चरी अमावस्या कहलाती है. अन्य वारों में आने वाली अमावस्या की तुलना में इन तीन वारों में पडने वाली अमावस्या व्रत-उपवास के लिये विशेष होती है.

 

अमावस्या का महत्व 
Importance of Amavasya

शास्त्रों के अनुसार देवों से पहले पितरों को प्रसन्न करना चाहिए. जिन व्यक्तियों की कुण्डली में पितृ दोष हो, संतान हीन योग बन रहा हो या फिर नवम भाव में राहू नीच के होकर स्थित हो, उन व्यक्तियों को यह उपवास अवश्य रखना चाहिए. इस उपवास को करने से मनोवांछित उद्देश्य़ की प्राप्ति होती है. विष्णु पुराण के अनुसार श्रद्धा भाव से अमावस्या का उपवास रखने से पितृ्गण ही तृ्प्त नहीं होते, अपितु ब्रह्मा, इंद्र, रुद्र, अश्विनी कुमार, सूर्य, अग्नि, अष्टवसु, वायु, विश्वेदेव, ऋषि, मनुष्य, पशु-पक्षी और सरीसृप आदि समस्त भूत प्राणी भी तृप्त होकर प्रसन्न होते है.

 

Amavasya~अमावस्या Quotes

 
 
 
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