The Amavasya of Magh Masa is called the Mauni Amavasya. Sun and Moon enter and the Capricorn sign, because of the transit, on this day. This day is celebrated as the birthday of Manu Rishi. It is believed, Lord Brahma gave origination to Maharaja Manu and queen Shatrupa. Hence, this day is considered as the beginning of the universe creation. Capricorn sign has the Yoga of Sun and Moon which increases the significance of this Amavasya. Bathing in Sangam of Allahabad, gives virtues to an individual, on this day. According to some scholar, Maun Vrat should be observed. Maun (silent) Vrat means to control all our senses. It depends on a person for how long he wants to observe silence. People take the resolution of Maun Vrat for a day, or a month, or for one year.
A person has three kinds of impurities (causers of sin) in himself. That is, action, emotions and ignorance. Washing of these impurities or mistakes at Sangam of Triveni is considered auspicious.In the year 2012, Mauni Amavasya will be on Monday, 23 January. Having a bath at Triveni means washing oneself in water of Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati. This way a person’s dirt or impurities are washed away. And, his soul is purified. Hence, a person should observe Maun Vrat and then have a bath. After completing the bath etc., a person observing Maun fast should go to a peaceful place and perform mediation. This purifies the mind of an individual. The soul gets connected with Lord.
On the day of Mauni Amawasya, a person can perform Hawan, donations etc. after, bathing and meditations. By doing so, sins are removed. On Mauni Amavasya, bathing in Triveni, gives virtues that are obtained by performing hundred thousand Rajasuya Yagya. Its benefits are equal to Ashvamedha Yagya. The Amavasya and Purnima of Magh Masaare celebrated as a festival. The places where Amrit was dropped, during Samudra Manthan between Gods and demons, are considered sacred for having bath.
Magh Snaan (Mauni Amavasya) Procedure
On the day of Mauni Amavasya, a person should person mediation and donations, according to his capacity. If not possible to have a bath in Triveni or any other pilgrim, then a person should wake up early in the morning , complete his routine work and have a bath at home itself. He can even take bath in a near by river. as per the scriptures, the water of river becomes as as Ganga Jal, on this day. Silence should be observed while bathing and meditation. This day, a person should keep himself way from wrong works and try to make his mind strong. This keeps the mind peaceful and makes the body strong.
After this, person should worship Brahma Dev and perform the Gayatri Jaap. Donations should be done with faith and chanting of mantra. The donations include giving of cow, gold, clothes, bed and other useful things.
Mauni Amavasya (Magh Amavasya) Story
Once upon a time, a Brahman named Devswami used to live in Kanchipuri. Dhanwati was his wife. He had seven sons and one daughter. His daughter’s name was Gunwati. After marrying all his 7 sons, Devswami had sent his eldest son in search of a good boy, for his daughter. Then, an astrologer said after the completion of marriage, Gunwati shall become a widow. Hearing this, Devswami and others got worried. Devswami asked for a solution to this problem from the astrologer. He said, a washerwomen named Soma lives on the island called Singhal. Worshipping Soma can remove this Dosh of Gunwati. So, Gunwati and her youngest brother left for Singhal island. Island was located in the middle of sea. Both of them sat under a tree, waiting to cross the sea. On that tree, a vulture had made his nest. Children of vulture used to live in the nest. When the vulture returned to the nest with his wife, their children told “the brother and sister are sitting under the tree from morning, They are hungry and thirsty. So, we shall also, not have any food”. Hence, the vulture gave food to Gunwati and his brother. And, asked the reason for their arrival. So, they narrated the whole event. After hearing the whole matter, vulture gave them assurance of reaching the Singhal island. Next day, vulture dropped them on the island.
After reaching the island, both of them started doing the house work of Soma laundress. Cleaning of house etc, was done by the brother and sister, very neatly and systematically. When Soma used to wake up, she used to think, who does all these works. Soma asked her daughter-in-law, who cleverly replied that it was done by her. Soma could not believe and decided to stay up at night. Then Soma saw, Gunwati and her brother doing all the house works. Soma was very much pleased by them and asked the reason behind this. Gunwati narrated the things told by the astrologer about her marriage etc. So, Soma blessed her. Both the brother and sister requested her to come to the marriage with them. Soma agreed and told her daughter-in-law “if anyone dies at home, don’t perform the cremation before my coming back.“
Marriage of Gunwati was begun. As the marriage was concluded, her husband was dead. Soma by her virtues gave life to Gunwati’s husband. Now, all her good deeds were finished as a result, her family members living on Singhal island, died. While returning back to home, Soma deiceded to accumulate goo deeds. She sat under a Pipal tree. She worshipped the tree and circled (Parikrama) it 108 times. So, her family’s dead members were back to life. Soma received fruits of her selfless service.